The current farm bill expires Sept. 30. A congressional committee is currently debating the House and Senate versions of the bill and said to be working on a compromising.
The current farm bill expires Sept. 30. A congressional committee is currently debating the House and Senate versions of the bill and said to be working on a compromising.
From CBW News Desk

The race is on. The current farm bill expires Sept. 30 and with less than seven legislative working days left before deadline, lawmakers are skeptical a compromise will be met between the House and Senate but leadership is meeting again today, Sept. 12 to see if a deal can be struck.
The House version of the bill has come under fire by Senate leaders for not being supportive of nutrition assistance, conservation and energy.
The biggest debate revolves around the nutritional title contained in the bill. Eighty-percent of the bill revolves around providing food assistance to those in need through programs such as SNAP.
The House’s version of the bill includes stricter eligibility and work requirements. These requirements are said to reduce the number of enrolled families by 10 percent.  
Speaker Paul Ryan addressed the changes and the challenge of the food assistance package along with why it is in the farm bill.
“There are roughly 12 million able bodied young people in America today who don’t have young kids or are a working age,or are not working. They’re not looking for a job; they’re not in school; they’re slipping through the cracks. So, if there was ever a time to tackle poverty, to get people on the ladder of life, to get upward mobility reinvigorated in this society, especially among people who have not seen success or have not seen a life where they can make a good living and earn a career and provide, this is the time.
The farm bill [through its nutrition title] is a perfect opportunity to get people off the sidelines, into the work force, into school, into good careers and employers need it so it’s a win win win. Employers find workers, people find work, they find careers and the economy grows. That’s why we’re placing so much emphasis on this work requirement, this education requirement in food stamps. It’s the best possible time to do it. That’s why we are talking about it in the farm bill.
The Senate’s version of the farm bill also addressed supplemental nutrition assistance and the Congressional Budget Office says the Senate’s proposed nutrition title would be nearly cost neutral over the ten-year budget.
A work force aspect is also in the Senate bill but in the form of job training. It also includes a targeted investment in SNAP to help seniors and people with disabilities, as well as Indian Tribes.
If an agreement can’t be reached by the end of the month lawmakers will have to pass an extension of the current farm bill or find funding elsewhere to continue funding programs.

Cattle Component
While the majority of the farm bill swirls around food assistance, the remainder does have a direct impact on farm and ranch owners.
One direct cattle related component of the farm bill is a National Animal Disease Preparedness and Response Program. The program would help in the prevention and identification of an animal disease outbreak, as well as creating a response protocol.
As part of the preparedness program a foot and mouth disease vaccine bank would be included.  Both the Senate and House versions include the bank, though the Senate version fails to name funding for it.
“An outbreak of a foreign animal disease, such as Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) or Avian Influenza, has the ability to cripple the entire agricultural sector and create long-lasting ramifications for the economic viability of U.S. aquaculture, livestock and poultry production. It is critical that the new Farm Bill provide permanent, full funding to address these risks to animal health while likewise bolstering the long-term ability of U.S. animal agriculture to be competitive in the global marketplace and provide consumers around the world safe, wholesome, affordable food produced in a sustainable manner,” says the Animal Agriculture Stakeholders group.
If FMD were ever to occur in the U.S. it might have larger impacts. Studies have shown that an uncontrolled FMD outbreak would result in economic losses of $199.8 billion during a 10-year period following the discovery.